Introducing OtoGO: Raise Flash Funds for Your Crypto Project and Worry About the Regs Later

We've just made the launchpool solution OtoCo uses to raise early funds for itself available for FREE to all our users. We called it OtoGO and it is now live.
Introducing OtoGO: Raise Flash Funds for Your Crypto Project and Worry About the Regs Later

OtoCo always wanted to raise early funds from its users and followers in the most transparent and democratic way, without VC-type preferential treatment or backroom discounts.

With this in mind, we started building a suite of launchpool smart contracts we reported on earlier, and over the last weeks, we used this to let our community pre-order our OTOCO token, using an algorithmic price-setting under a bonding curve, visible and accessible to all who want to stake the project with up to US$200,000 per staker.

The OtoCo launchpool is soon set to close and so far almost 1.5 million OTOCO tokens have been reserved. You can still reserve your OTOCO tokens here up to 8 a.m. Pacific Time (GMT- 8) on Dec 21st.

You can still reserve your OTOCO tokens here up to 8 a.m. Pacific Time (GMT- 8) on Dec 21st..

No offense

More than the actual number raised, we’re encouraged by the feedback from users who asked if we would make our launchpool solution available so they can raise early funds the same way.

When compared to other ways of raising early funds, we believe OtoGO represents a sea change by making the process entirely onchain and permissionless, without offending regulators.

With OtoGO anybody who spins up an LLC or DAO on OtoCo can parameter their launchpool, upload their logo, select a matching color scheme and invite their community to stake their project via an OtoGO-generated Web3 URL.

The model is perhaps best compared to Tesla taking refundable pre-orders for its model 3 when it was yet to be launched, which at the time didn’t seem to provoke any regulators.

OtoGO goes a step further and engineered the staking process such that a launchpool sponsor cannot claim the monies from pre-orders until the end of the Staking Stage (see below).

This means that no money changes hands, in contrast with for instance a Simple Agreement for Future Tokens (SAFT) or a straight Token Purchase Agreement (TPA) which are both considered investment contracts as a result.

This also means the legals can be delayed until tokens effectively get distributed, allowing project sponsors to gauge immediate interest from their community and buying themselves time to figure out what regs may apply.

The end result is flash funding without legal or regulatory anxieties.

In the next sections, we describe in detail how to start a launchpool.

1. Access OtoCO dash

First, connect your Ethereum wallet you used to spin up an entity with OtoCo and simply go to your organization dash. Select OtoGO from the menu to the left.

You will find the new OtoGO functionality in your OtoCo entity dash.

In the example above, the launchpool is organized by an existing onchain Delaware LLC as Sponsor but you can also use an unincorporated DAO spawned by OtoCo’s onchain entity assembler.

2. Parameter your launch pool

In a next screen, you can parameter your launch pool:

① Paste your token smart contract address

If you used the token foundry within OtoCo to create your ERC20 token, simply paste the smart contract address shown in the Token section of your dashpanel.

If you created your token outside OtoCo, just paste your token smart contract address.

② Set the soft cap

This soft cap needs to be reached before the lock function is called (see below).

③ Set the hard cap

When this hard cap is reached, staking closes. Unstaking is still possible until the lock function is called.

④ Minimum amount per stake

Enter the minimum amount required to validly stake. A low minimum will make it easier for more people to pre-order your token.

⑤ Maximum amount per stake

Enter the maximum amount that can be staked per wallet.

⑥ Minimum price per stake in USD

This is the starting price at which your token can be reserved. It is denominated in USD for ease of reference, since only stablecoin can be used to stake (see below).

> Tip: Simply divide your hardcap by the minimum token price to know how many tokens could maximally be reserved.

E.g. with a hard cap of USD 4MM and a minimum token price of USD 0.5, a maximum of 8MM token can be reserved. However since nobody is allowed to stake the full 4MM (in our example the maximum per staker is USD 200k), less than 8MM tokens will have been pre-sold when the hard cap is reached.

⑦ Set the reducer

You can move the slider left or right to see the impact on your maximum token price using a lower (left) or higher (right) reducer.

In the example above, with the minimum price per token set at USD 0.5 and the reducer set to 26, the price will gradually increase along a sloping curve to a maximum of USD 2.04 per token as the pool fills.

The reducer essentially determines the slope of the pricing curve. Your final price will be calculated depending on your final place in the queue when the Calculate function is triggered (see below).

Note that, as with a real-world queue, if anybody who joined ahead of you were to leave the queue by unstaking, your price will improve. However, your price can never move against you.

⑧ Select what digital assets can be staked

In principle this can be any ERC20 token. However we currently limited the stakable assets to stablecoins to do away with exchange rate complications, as the launchpool itself is denominated in USD.

We also figured that people who would want to stake say ETH may as well collateralize ETH and withdraw DAI via e.g. MakerDAO’s Oasis dApp.

Note that staking any different tokens than those allowed by the launch pool will be rejected.

⑨ Choose the start date for your launchpool

This is the date and time in your timezone when your launchpool will initiate. Initiation will be automatic without the need to call any function provided your launchpool was properly parametered.

①⓪ Choose the end date for your launchpool

This is the date and time in your timezone your launchpool will close.

There are 3 possible outcomes at this time:

  • The soft cap was not reached: the funds cannot be locked by the project sponsor and everybody can unstake.
  • The soft cap was reached but the project sponsor decides to let the launchpool run by not collecting the funds. Everybody can still stake up to the hard cap, but nobody can unstake.
  • The project sponsor can extend, irrespective of the amount on the clock, and everybody can still stake and unstake.

①① Social links

Here you can enter the links to your major social media, which will then appear as buttons on your launchpool site.

①② Upload your logo file

Make sure it is the right size and transparency. It will appear prominently on your launchpool Web3 page.

①③ Select a color scheme

We had a bit of fund with this feature :-). You can slide across the color spectrum and we then pair your chosen color with a second color to get to a matching gradient for your launchpool page.

See how your launchpool site will look like by clicking “Preview OtoGO.”

A preview of 3 possible color schemes for your launchpool site out of a 256 possible combinations, shown here for a fictitious campaign by Il Giardino Armonico LLC.

> Tip: You can use the slider on the Preview page to get a sense of how the price moves in function of the number of stakers that reserve your token.

3. Ready to deploy

When you’re happy with your parameters and how this all looks, click “Deploy”.

This commences your launchpool’s initialization sequence.

You will first need to make a payment to interact with the OtoGO smart contract:

You can calibrate the gas fees using MetaMask. Make sure you have some ETH in the wallet you connected with. The deployment could take over a minute.

Once the above transaction confirms, you will be able to manage your launchpool’s lifecycle.

A Current Status screen gives you an overview of your launchpool status:

. An example of the Staking Stage with all counters at zero still, before anybody staked in a fictitious launchpool by Obelix DAO.

In your status overview, you will also find a link to your launchpool Web3 site, with the logo and color scheme you selected, which you can copy and share with your community:

You can find a link to your launchpool’s site from your Current Status screen, e.g. for a fictitious campaign by Obelix DAO.

4. Stages in life

You can now manage your launchpool’s entire lifecycle from the same dash:

  1. Pre-launch stage

    This is the stage after the launchpool was initialized but before the start date (see ⑨ above).

  2. Staking Stage

    This is the live stage during which anybody can stake and unstake. It will end at the date and time you defined when setting the parameters of your launchpool. You can pause and unpause your Staking Stage at any time. Nobody can stake when your launchpool is paused but people can still unstake. If the hardcap is not reached, the project sponsor can choose to extend the launchpool by a chosen number of days. Staking and unstaking then continues during the extension. Note that the extend function has to be called before the end date.

  3. Post-order Stage

    When the end date is reached, and provided the soft cap has been reached, the Sponsor can call the lock function. Once called, nobody can stake or unstake anymore. If not called, staking can continue up to the hard cap but nobody can unstake.

  4. Calculation Stage

    The lock function then triggers the Calculation Stage which makes a final tally of all stakers and calculates how many tokens each staker will receive for the amount they staked.1

  5. Distribution Stage

    Once all tokens are calculated, the contract automatically triggers the Distribution Stage. Sponsor will approve the tokens for transfer to the stakers and there is no need to manually transfer any tokens. All Sponsor has to do is trigger distributeSharesChunk on the smart contract, which transfers all calculated tokens to the respective staker.2

  6. Claiming Stage

    Once the last tokens are distributed, the Claiming Stage is automatically triggered. At this stage, Sponsor can call the withdrawStakes function, which allows Sponsor to withdraw all amounts staked. Only at this stage are the funds available to Sponsor and are they legally committed.

  7. Abort

    Sponsor can always abort the sequence after the end date. This will allow all Stakers to unstake.

5. What About the Regs?

Our terms reflect clearly that as a software development company building permissionless tools, OtoCo has no role in determining the laws and regulations that may apply to the token users create and sell for their project.

With this in mind, OtoCo makes no warranty as to the merit, legality or juridical nature of the token distributed via its OtoGO launchpool product, including whether it is considered a security or financial instrument under any applicable securities laws.

Since tokens are only reserved but not sold during the Staking Stage, Sponsor will have up to the Distribution Stage to determine the laws and regulations that may apply and the need - if any - to require KYC/AML of the token recipients.

If the token has no characteristics of a security, it can arguably be freely distributed to anybody who staked, however Sponsor may still want to add geofencing and/or other compliance filters to reduce the regulatory risk.

If the token does have the characteristics of a security, its distribution will need to be channeled within applicable securities laws, and Sponsor would need to whitelist the token recipients.

OtoCo may eventually provide such whitelisting tools and may upgrade its token foundry e.g. to allow for the creation of tokens that have lockups or transfer restrictions, however it would still be the sole responsibility of users to determine how and what regs apply.

GO for a spin

You can test-drive OtoGO by opening in a Web3 browser and connecting to the Ethereum Ropsten test network using MetaMask.

If you do not already have an onchain entity, you will need to first create an LLC or a DAO that can act as the Sponsor of your first launchpool. You can create such entity for test purposes on Ropsten too.

You will need some ETH on Ropsten and some Ropsten DAI if you want to see how staking works.

Share your experience with OtoGO with the wider OtoCo community and post what you’d like to see in a next version via our official OtoCo Telegram channel.

  1. Technically, the token allocation is calculated as long as gasLeft > 100000 per transaction. Once gasLeft falls below 100000, the contract stops its calculation on the current index, and the function needs to be called again. This process is then repeated until the tokens are calculated for each staker.

  2. The process is identical to the calculateSharesChunk above: tokens are distributed as long as gasLeft > 100000 per transaction. When gasLeft falls below 100000, the contract stops distributing on the current index, and the function needs to be called again. This process is repeated until all stakers receive their respective tokens.

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